MAINTENANCE

The key to a car running at its best is basic maintenance. Keeping up with fluid changes, tire checks, filter changes and other services will help avoid bigger and more expensive repairs. Over time, some car parts and components wear out or become damaged. Being aware of your car will help you address any issues before they become bigger problems. This section outlines some of the most common maintenance procedures and repairs to keep your car operating safely and reliably while maintaining its long-term value.

         BRAKES SYSTEM

 

 

WHAT IS IT?


Your car’s brake system is its most
critical safety system and you should
check it immediately if you suspect
any problems. A properly operating
brake system helps ensure safe
vehicle control and operation under
a wide variety of conditions.


WHAT DOES IT DO?


When you push the brake pedal, the
force generates hydraulic pressure
in the master cylinder. This pressure
flows through the hydraulic lines and
hoses to the wheel cylinders and
calipers, forcing the shoes against
the drums (drum brakes) and the
pads against the rotors (disc brakes).
The resulting friction slows the
vehicle and is relative to the amount
of force applied at the brake pedal.


TYPICAL WEAR AND TEAR


Brakes are a normal wear item for
any car and eventually they’re going
to need replacement. Avoid letting
your brakes get to the “metal -to-
metal” point, which usually
means expensive rotor or drum
replacement. Factors that affect
wear include driving habits and
quality of brake pads and shoes.

 

SYMPTOMS


• Car pulls to one side
during braking
• Pulsating brake pedal or
steering wheel shake
• Brake pedal feels “mushy”
• Unusual noise when you
step on the brake pedal
• Repeatedly need to add brake
fluid to the master cylinder
• Brake fluid sprayed onto
outside of wheel
• Unusual odor or smoke

         CAR SERVICING
 

 

Service to maintain engine performance, sometimes known as a tune-up, keeps your engine working hand-in-hand with the rest of your car’s powertrain. This is how optimum car performance is achieved.


WHY DO I NEED THIS SERVICE?


A well-tuned engine delivers the best balance of power and fuel economy and produces the lowest level of emissions.

 

Modern engines compensate for worn parts to a degree, giving you the sense that everything is fine with your car. Keeping your engine tuned will restore your car to its normal operating state, and contribute
to the overall efficiency of the engine and emissions system.


The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) says a well-maintained car is more fuel-efficient, produces fewer greenhouse gas emissions, is more reliable and is safer!

TYPICAL SERVICE


• Based on spark plug type, the replacement interval can range from 30,000 to 100,000 miles.
• Replace any other ignition system and/or emissions system parts that may be needed or recommended.
• Replace the fuel and air filters.

OIL, FILTERS AND FLUIDS

Critical parts of your engine are lubricated, cleaned and cooled by your car’s oil and filter. Other specifically formulated fluids are used for the operation and protection of systems and components such as brakes, cooling, power steering, automatic and manual transmissions, and transfer cases. Your car may also be equipped with a variety of filters including those for
the transmission, fuel system and interior ventilation.

YOU DRIVE IT...
We FIX It!
        STEERING  & SUSPENSION
 

 

The steering and suspension
systems are key safety-related
systems that largely determine
your car’s ride and handling.
Have these systems checked
regularly, at least once a year and
usually with a wheel alignment..​​

WHAT DOES IT DO?


The suspension maintains the
relationship between the wheels
and the frame or unibody. The
suspension system interacts with
the steering system to provide
vehicle control. When working
properly, the suspension system
helps absorb the energy from road
irregularities such as potholes
and helps to maintain vehicle
stability. The steering system
transmits your input from the
steering wheel to the steering gear
and other steering components
to control the car’s direction.

TYPICAL WEAR AND TEAR


Over time, steering and suspension
components wear out and require
replacement. Regular checks
are critical to maintain a safe car.
Factors that affect wear include:
• Driving habits
• Operating conditions
(potholes in roads)
• Vehicle type
• Type of steering and
suspension system
• Frequency of regular maintenance
such as chassis lubrication
and wheel alignment


SYMPTOMS


• Car pulls to one side
• Uneven tire wear
• Excessive noise, vibration
or bouncing
• Loss of control
 

© 2019 by Ott's Auto

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